A Comparative Review of Audio-Lingual Methodology and Communicative Language Teaching in Second Language Instruction

Joseph Yoo


A comparative review of two language instruction books will be examinted, Karl J. Grenbanier's Audio-Lingual Teachniques for Foreign Language Teaching (1961) and James Lee and Bill VanPatten's Making Communicative Teaching Happen (2003).  In Audio-Lingual Methodology (ALM), the insturctor transmits knowledge to a passive and minimally engaged audience with an authoritative role.  On the contrary, Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) diverges by proposing a new relationship between instructors and students providing them opportunities for communication, using the language to interpret and express real life messages.  ALM and CLT converge in the same practice of excluding explicit grammar instruction in the classroom.  Both methodologies accept as true; that grammar instruction is implicitly included in the classroom activities.  This article will attempt to answer if explicit grammar should be taught in the classrooms.


Second Language Research; Applied Linguistics; Foreign Language Instruction

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