Do Teachers Have the Opportunities They Need to Learn to Teach with Manipulatives?

Kristina K. Hill, Ali Bicer, Mary Margaret Capraro


            Teachers complete professional development through inservice provided by their schools, through summer workshops, or by attending conferences. A nationally known mathematics teachers’ organization provides regional and annual conferences for teachers to learn new teaching techniques.  Manipulatives are often used as teaching tools to help students learn mathematical concepts. In an effort to determine what concepts, standards, and grade levels manipulatives were presented at the regional and annual conferences of the national organization, the 2011 through 2014 conference programs were analyzed.  Sessions dealing with manipulatives contained all standards and grade levels with fractions, number sense, and place values among the many concepts being explained using manipulatives. 


manipulatives, mathematics teachers, professional development

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