Destruction of Nature and Its Effects in Endgame

Fikret Güven

Abstract


The fertile ground has always been the object of God’s wrath or blessing. In Creation Story of Genesis, God blessed first humans Adam and Eve with a fertile ground of Eden and upon their disobedience, they are again cursed with lack of it. When God delivers his curse to Adam, he uses the ground metaphor, vowing that people will need to toil earth for food. Subsequently, the fertility of the earth symbolizes the satisfaction, blessing, wrath and regeneration. On another occasion, God comparably annihilates the ground when he is not pleased with humanity. He sends the great flood to Noah. When flood recedes and Noah walks out from the ark, the fertile earth becomes the epitome of renewal and regeneration of human life. In this sense, I will comment on Samuel Beckett’ s apocalyptic play Endgame, which displays the damage inflicted upon environment and its devastating effect on characters’ psyche. 


Keywords


Endgame, Nature, Ecology, Fertility of Ground and Mankind, Regeneration

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References


Beckett, S. (1958). Endgame: A Play in One Act. London: Faber.

McKibben, B. (1990). The End of Nature London: Penguin.

Boulter, J. (2008). Beckett: A Guide for Perplexed. Continuum International

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Bressler, C. E. (2006). Literary Criticism : An Introduction to Theory and Practice. 4th edition. Prentice Hall, Inc.

Thurschwell, P. (2000). Sigmund Freud. London: Routledge.

Lawley, P. (1992) “Adoption in Endgame,” in “Waiting for Godot” and “Endgame”: Contemporary Critical Essays, Ed. Steven Connor, London: Macmillan.


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